For cosmetics to look perfect, to emphasize all the advantages of the face, it is necessary to use it in accordance with the tone of the skin. This is an important requirement that professional stylists and makeup artists always take into account when creating bright and proper makeup. If you want to learn how to create bright images that will harmonize each area of the face, then you should consider what is the undertones or tones – cool, neutral or warm ones.
What is skin tone and undertones
Skin undertones refer to skin tones. According to this criterion, many makeup artists can establish which colors may be suitable – cool or warm. The warm range includes shades with yellow, peach, golden colors, and in the cool range – bluish, pink, purple.
Neutral tones are those in which the main criterion of warmth-coldness is hard to trace. For this reason it is difficult to determine whether the appearance is warm or cool. It may contain tones with yellow, bluish, pink colors.
How do I determine my skin tone?
To determine the skin tone and clarify whether it is warm or cold, girls can take the test, which will be reliable, even if you do it yourself at home
Important condition: do these in natural light. Electric lights distort perception.
- Look at the wrist on the inside – where you can see the veins. If it looks blue or purple, you have cold skin. If it looks green, it means you have warm skin tone. Is it hard to know what color your veins are? In this case, your skin tone is probably neutral-not warm or cold; it’s typical for olive skin tones.
- Hold a white sheet of paper up to your face and look in the mirror. If your skin shows a pinkish, reddish, or bluish undertone, you can tell for sure that the shade is cold. Yellowing, on the contrary, indicates a warm type. And those who see as if the skin “turned gray” next to the leaf can be sure that they have a neutral skin tone.
- Think back to how your skin usually reacts to the sun in the first few days of tanning. If it turns red after half an hour, then it’s a cold type. People who rarely get sunburned and have no trouble getting an even, golden tan have a warm skin tone.
Skin tone color palette
Below there is a list of main undertones with short descriptions and photos.
Pale skin (Fair)
It has a bluish undertone and gives the impression that someone with this skin type never sees the sun at all. Fair tone includes such shades as porcelain and “ivory” – very light, almost transparent.
Peachy pink skin
Slightly less light than the previous skin type. Another important difference is the subtle pinkish undertone that makes the shade warmer overall. But despite this, it is better to choose makeup products in cooler tones.
Medium tone (Neutral)
These are mostly beige skin tones that have a warm undertone. It seems to be a little “browned” in the sun and turned slightly golden. Brown lipstick, bronzer and shadow in a beige palette will look especially successful in the makeup.
The undertones of this skin type combine yellow and green shades. From the outside it is both warm and pale at the same time. Owners of this skin shade often feel earthy – but it’s the lack of hydration and radiance that’s to blame.
Tanned skin tends to have a warm undertone.
Caramel skin tone can be described as a warm, rich, golden and buttery brown caramel color. This tone is in the middle between a darker and a lighter shade. Thus, if you look at the Fitzpatrick scale below, the color of caramel skin is between types IV and V.
It is distinguished by darker, golden-brown tones. Girls with dark skin are also characterized by a warm color type. The beige-brown color palette is perfect for makeup: lipsticks, eye shadows and blushes.
Uneven skin tone
There are many factors for uneven skin color, and here are just a few of them.
One of the most common causes is ultraviolet radiation – prolonged exposure to the sun or regular visits to tanning beds. Under the influence of UVB melanocytes begin to produce pigment intensively, which may deposit in varying amounts in different parts of the body (e.g. due to higher insolation in some areas and less in others) – resulting in uneven skin color.
Uneven color can be a result of hormonal changes (aging, menopause) or taking certain medications (birth control pills, doxycycline).
Any inflammation can lead to dark spots on the skin, so uneven complexion often occurs in people with acne.
Vitiligo contributes to the formation of depigmented areas on the skin of varying size, which generally forms a picture of uneven tone.